Effect of Garcinia Kola Consumption on Lipid Profile and Body Weight of Rats Fed with High Fat Diet

Beyang, Mformoh Martha and Thierry, Noumo Ngangmou and André, Mache Gilles and Aba, Ejoh Richard and John F., Dobgima and Leopold, Tatsadjieu Ngoune and Moses F, Mbofung Carl (2024) Effect of Garcinia Kola Consumption on Lipid Profile and Body Weight of Rats Fed with High Fat Diet. Asian Food Science Journal, 23 (6). pp. 30-43. ISSN 2581-7752

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Aims: Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) is commonly consumed as a snack in many localities in Cameroon and is considered to have health properties including weight-reducing agent by many people. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of bitter kola in weight management and prevention of obesity.

Study Design: An experimental full 3×3 factorial design was used for this study, with the main responses being the anthropometric and biochemical parameters of the albinos Wistar rats.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out at the Food Science Laboratory of the Department of Nutrition, Food and Bioresource Technology of the College of Technology, The University of Bamenda, Cameroon, between February and July 2023.

Methodology: Three bitter kola cultivars (Bafia, Penja, Widikum) were collected from their production areas, and their phytochemical content and antioxidant activity were analysed. The effect of their dry powder consumption on body weight and lipid profile was investigated on male Wistar rats consuming a high-fat diet. The rats were allocated to 10 groups of 6 rats including one control with the feed containing 0 g/kg of bitter kola powder, and 3 test groups per cultivar having 5 g, 10 g, and 15 g of bitter kola powder per kg of feed respectively.

Results: Results revealed that antioxidant activity varies with cultivars and Widikum cultivar has the highest antioxidant activity and the highest phytochemicals content. Consumption of Penja and Widikum bitter kola powder induced the highest fat excretion in rat faeces. The effect of bitter kola consumption on body weight varies with cultivars and incorporation rate, and the highest anti-obesity effect was observed with the consumption of the Widikum cultivar at 10 g/kg of rat feed. The increase in bitter kola powder proportion in rat feed was negatively correlated with the atherogenic index of plasma and atherogenic coefficient.

Conclusion: From the overall results, the consumption of feed with 15 g/kg of Widikum bitter kola cultivar had the best anti-obesity activity and hypolipidemic effect. Thus, bitter kola powder can be used to prevent obesity and cardiovascular diseases in high-fat diets.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: OA Open Library > Agricultural and Food Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email support@oaopenlibrary.com
Date Deposited: 19 May 2024 11:19
Last Modified: 19 May 2024 11:19
URI: http://archive.sdpublishers.com/id/eprint/2685

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